Mausoleum of Hoosan Shah Ghoree, [Mandu].
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the mausoleum of Hoshang Shah at Mandu, Madhya Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1902. Mandu is a historic ruined citadel perched on a ridge of the Vindhyas. An ancient stronghold, it first came to prominence under the Rajput Paramara dynasty at the end of the 10th century, who ruled the Malwa region of central India with their capital at Dhar. Their reign was ended when Dhar was conquered by the Sultans of Delhi in 1305. In 1401, Dilawar Khan Ghuri, the Afghan governor of Malwa, established his independence from Delhi. Hoshang Shah of the Ghurid Dynasty (ruled 1405-35, the son of Dilawar Khan Ghuri) moved his capital from Dhar to Mandu when he became Sultan of Malwa. One of its most illustrious rulers, he was a prolific builder and started to build this mausoleum although it was completed by his successor Mahmud I Khalji in c.1440. The distinctive architecture of Mandu is characteristically simple, bold and well proportioned, an amalgamation of influences from the neighbouring areas of northern India, Gujarat and the Deccan. Buildings were constructed from marble and richly coloured local stone of red, yellow and slate black, and adorned with inlaid stones and glazrd tiles.