Martaban from the river
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Martaban, in Burma (Myanmar), taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the 1890s. Martaban (Mottama) lies on the north bank of the River Salween (Thanlwin) where it meets the Gulf of Mottama on the coast of south-east Burma. Now a small town, it is said to have been founded in the 6th century AD and been the capital of a powerful Mon kingdom. It was noted by both Arab and European traders for its pottery wares especially the large glazed storage 'martaban jars'. On the opposite bank is the colonial town of Moulmein (Mawlamyaing), which was the capital of British Burma in the first half of the 19th century. Here the river opens out into a broad, shallow waterway. This view is taken from across the Salween and shows Martaban with several pagodas at the base of a hill.