North side of Mount Jakko, Simla.
Photographer: Bourne, Samuel
Medium: Photographic print
This is a view of Mount Jakko, Shimla, taken by Samuel Bourne in the 1860s. Mount Jakko, 2,450 m, is the highest peak in Shimla. The hill-station of Shimla, now the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh, became a popular resort with British residents of India in the 1820s. It also became the Presidency's summer capital when the Governor-General began to take his administration with him to the hills to escape the intense heat of Calcutta 1300 miles away. Shimla was known as the 'English Convalescent Station' as its climate was so conducive to good general health and the Military Sanatoria of Kasauli, Sanawar and Sabathu were also nearby.