No. 19. Pugahm Myo [Pagan]. Ananda Pagoda.
Photographer: Tripe, Linnaeus
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph by Linnaeus Tripe of the Ananda temple in the Pagan (Bagan)
region of Burma (Myanmar), from a portfolio of 120 prints. With this portfolio of architectural and topographical views, Tripe, an officer from the Madras Infantry, created an early photographic record of Burma. The 1855 British Mission to Burma was instructed to persuade the Burmese king Mindon Min to accept the annexation of Pegu (Lower Burma) following the Anglo-Burmese War of 1852. It was also the intention of the British to collect information about the country. They travelled in Burma from August to early November 1855, stopping at various places to allow Linnaeus Tripe, the official photographer, and the mission's artist, Colesworthy Grant, to perform their duties. Capital of the first kingdom of Burma from the 11th to the 14th century, Pagan is one of the most important archaeological sites in South East Asia, with the remains of over 2000 stupas, temples and monasteries scattered over a 30 km radius. Tripe wrote of the Ananda, 'It was built about A.D. 1060, and restored during the present century and is now in perfect repair. The chant of the worshippers, the lofty aisles with their long vistas, make this building resemble a Christian Cathedral rather than a Heathen Temple'. One of the most venerated of Pagan's temples, the Ananda commemorates Buddha's Infinite Wisdom (Anantapanna). Its style is of the Early Period and it is dated to ca.1105.