Click here to skip to content

North-east view, interior view, Tirumal Naick's Palace, Madura 345

North-east view, interior view, Tirumal Naick's Palace, Madura 345

Photographer: Archaeological Survey of India

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1899

Shelfmark: Photo 1008/4(345)

Item number: 345

Length: 28.7

Width: 23.6

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the interior of Tirumala Nayaka's Palace at Madurai in Tamil Nadu, taken by a photographer of the Archaeological Survey of India around 1899-1900. This view shows the imposing royal audience hall, with squat circular columns supporting broad cusped arches. The plaster ornamentation on the arches and the vaults consists of lotus and foliage motifs, elephants and mythical beasts. Animal brackets carry the eaves and lotus finials crown the domes and vaults. The architecture in an Indo-Islamic style is typical of the last phase of the Nayaka style. In the 16th century Madurai became an independent kingdom under the Nayakas, formerly governors of the Vijayanagara empire, and Tirumala (1623-59), the most important ruler of that dynasty, was an ambitious builder. He patronised the reconstruction of the great Minakshi Sundareshvara Temple complex which dominates the centre of the town. His palace, built in 1636, is situated south-east of the temple. The palace complex once occupied a large area but many structures were pulled down in the 18th century or used for buildings in the adjoining streets. An enclosed court known as the Svarga Vilasam remains, and a few adjacent structures. The audience chamber of the Svarga Vilasam is a vast arcaded hall. The plasterwork decoration dates mostly from the 19th century when the palace was restored, under the aegis of Lord Napier, the governor of Madras, 1866-72.

Search within this collection

Elsewhere on our websites

Newsletter

Latest events - register free online

Mobile app

For iPhone, iPad and Android

Report a Concern

What is the nature of your concern?

Report a Concern

What is the nature of your concern?

Email link to a friend

Write a brief note to accompany the email

Your friend's email address: