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One of front pillars from Ramesvara [Close view of pillar at entrance to Hindu Cave XXI (Ramesvara), Ellora.]

One of front pillars from Ramesvara [Close view of pillar at entrance to Hindu Cave XXI (Ramesvara), Ellora.]

Photographer: Cousens, Henry

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1875

Shelfmark: Photo 40/(73)

Item number: 73

Length: 20.1

Width: 14.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of a pillar at the entrance to Cave XXI, Rameshvara, at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora is renowned for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky fa├žade of a cliff of basalt. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and the 9th centuries. The Hindu Cave Rameshvara dates to the late 6th century. The facade of this cave is adorned with finely executed sculptures. Along the parapet is a frieze of carved elephants. There are carved female figures on the brackets on either side of the pillars on the verandah. The shafts are carved with bands of scrollwork and small figures of ghanas are seated at the corners of the base. The capitals have exuberant pot and foliage motifs supporting a richly carved rectangular abacus.

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