One of the world's marvels - beautiful Dravidian temple cut in solid rock, Ellora, India
Photographer: Ricalton, James
Medium: Photographic print
Stereoscopic photograph of the Kailasanatha Temple at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by James Ricalton in c. 1903, from The Underwood Travel Library: Stereoscopic Views of India. The Kailasanatha Temple, dedicated to the god Shiva, is the most noted rock-cut monument at Ellora. It is a free-standing temple rather than a cave, entirely sculpted out of a great mass of basalt and built in the mid 8th century. This is a view of the entrance with a column or dhwaja-stambha in the foreground. Designed to be viewed through a special binocular viewer, producing a 3D effect, this is one of a series of 100 photographs. They were sold together with a book of descriptions and a map with precise locations to enable the 'traveller' to imagine that he was really 'touring' around India. Stereoscopic cameras, those with two lenses and the ability to take two photographs at the same time, were introduced in the mid 19th century.