Oxenham's [Oxinden] Tomb, [Surat]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the tomb of Sir George Oxinden in the English Cemetery at Surat in Gujarat from the 'Album of architectural and topographical views, mostly in South Asia' taken by an unknown photographer in the 1890s. Surat was an important Mughal trading port. The English, Dutch, Portuguese and French were permitted to trade here in the seventeenth century. In 1662, Sir George Oxinden (1620-1669) was appointed the President and Chief Director of the East India Company in Surat. Two years later he fought off an attack by the Maratha leader Shivaji on the English factory in the town. In this view of his tomb we can see that the design has minarets and domed pavilions. These architectural features are also prominant in Mughal architecture. Architecturally we know that the tomb is Christian because it is crowned with an an open-cross cupola.