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[Portrait of Sir Sayaji Rao] The Gaekwar of Baroda.

[Portrait of Sir Sayaji Rao] The Gaekwar of Baroda.

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1880

Shelfmark: Photo 30/(1)

Item number: 1

Length: 20.5

Width: 14.6

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of Sir Sayaji Rao, Gaekwar of Baroda (Vadodara) from the 'Album of portraits and views in Baroda' taken by an unknown photographer in c.1880. The state of Vadodara in Gujarat, western India was ruled by the Gaekwads from 1734 till Indian Independence. The rule of Sayaji Rao (r.1875-1939) was characterised by unprecedented progress and reform. He initiated a number of social reforms and paid great attention to the economic development of the state. He founded modern textile and tile factories and it is largely due to his policies that Vadodara is today one of the most important centres for the textile, chemical and oil industries in India. In order to develop education he introduced compulsory primary schooling, a library system for adult education and founded the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Vadodara.

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