[Close view from the right of the entrance of the Ravana ka khai, Hindu Cave Temple XIV, Ellora.]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Cave Temple XIV, Ravana ka khai, at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora has a series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and 9th centuries. The Hindu Cave known as Ravana ki khai is a single storey excavation dating from the early 7th century. It comprises a small sanctuary adjoining a square columned mandapa and verandah. The facade has lost several of its piers revealing the large pillared hall behind. The columns of the hall have pot and foliage capitals and rectangular brackets. Figural panels on the south wall depict Shaivite sculptures and those on the north wall represent Vaishnava images.