[Sculptured panel of Ravana under Kailasa, with Shiva and Parvati above, Hindu Cave XXI (Ramesvara), Ellora.]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a sculptured panel from Cave XXI (Rameshvara) at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora has a series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and 9th centuries. The Hindu Cave Rameshvara dates to the late 6th century and is renowned for its finely executed, fully modelled sculptures. Large guardian figures stand on either side of the shrine. This is a view of the sculpture facing outwards into the court of Siva and Parvati on Kailasa disturbed by Ravana.