[Ravana sculpture in the Dumar Lena Cave Temple (Cave XXIX), Ellora.]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a sculpture in Cave XXIX (Dumar Lena) at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora is renowned for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the face of a basalt cliff. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and 9th centuries. Dhumar Lena is one of the earliest caves of the Hindu series and dates from the Kalachuri period in the 6th century, as denoted by the similarity between its columns and those at the Elephanta cave. Two sculptures of lions guard the south entrance and large-scale sculpted wall panels on the sides represent Shaivite myths. The panel in this view is situated on the west wall and represents Shiva and Parvati seated in their abode in the Himalayas, disturbed by the demon Ravana who shakes the Mount Kailasa.