[Close view of base of pillars in the upper floor of the Jain Cave XXXIII (Jaganatha Sabha), Ellora.]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of pillars in the upper floor of the Jain Cave XXXIII (Jaganatha Sabha) at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. Ellora is renowned for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the face of a basalt cliff. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and 9th centuries. Jagannatha Sabha is one of a group of five Jain caves dating to the 9th century excavated under Rashtrakuta patronage to the north of the site. The façade of this red granite rock cave consists of an architrave supported by heavy columns with cushion capitals and ridged shafts with animal brackets. Inside are sculptured figures of Parasvanath and Mahavira, two of the Jain founders. The pillars in the hall have fluted shafts standing on a moulded square base decorated with a cubic band richly carved with overflowing foliage. The cushion capital supports a large rectangular abacus.