[Façade of Jain Cave XXXII (Indhra Sabha), Ellora.]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the façade of Cave XXXII, Indhra Sabha, at Ellora in Maharashtra, from outside the entrance gateway, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. Indra Sabha is the largest of the Jain series of caves at Ellora, excavated under Rashtrakuta patronage in the 9th century. A simple gateway leads to a courtyard in which contains a monolithic shrine with a pyramidal roof. The monolithic column which fell over in the 1870s can be seen at the left. The cave is double-storey and is excavated in the rear of the courtyard. The interior of the cave has a columned mandapa or hall with niches on the three sides and the sanctuary in the middle of the back wall. The columns have rectangular shafts with exuberant foliate and garland motifs and cushion capitals typical of the last phase of Ellora architecture.