[Mirza Jani Beg's] Tomb at Tatta
Photographer: Houghton, William Robert (1826-1897)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Mirza Jani Beg’s tomb at Tatta in Sindh, taken by William Robert Houghton in 1858. This image is part of an album documenting notable tombs at the necropolis at Tatta, which Houghton photographed at the request of the Government of Bombay.
Jani Beg was a member of the Tarkhan Dynasty (1554-1591) and the last independent ruler of Sindh before its annexation by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1591. He was reinstated as governor of Tatta after his submission and died in c.1599. His mausoleum is an octagonal brick structure with a domed roof in the tradition of Islamic funerary architecture and stands on a terraced platform in a walled enclosure. The tomb is part of a great necropolis, reputedly the largest in the world, which lies on the plateau of the Makli hills, a limestone outcrop to the west of Tatta. The necropolis contains over a million graves, including the mausoleums of Sindh’s rulers. The walls of Jani Beg's mausoleum are decorated with glazed tiles in dark blue and turquoise, a feature of the most distinguished tombs dating from the late 16th century onward in the necropolis.