[View of the Central Jail, Junagadh, from the main gate looking down into the central compound with a watchtower in the middle.]
Photographer: Nelson, F.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Central Jail at Junagadh in Gujarat, taken by F. Nelson in the 1890s from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Photographs of Junagadh'. This is a view of the jail from the main gate looking down into the central compound. The design of the jail is a version of the panopticon system proposed for prisons in 1791 by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham. Cells are arranged in concentric rings around watchtower from which prisoners could be observed. In late 19th-century India this was considered a modern form of construction and was used for new prisons in Gujarat and other states.