[View of the Girnar Hills, outside Junagadh.]
Photographer: Nelson, F.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Mount Girnar near Junagdh in Gujarat, taken by F. Nelson in the 1890s, from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Photographs of Junagadh'. The holy Girnar mountain rises more than 900 metres above the plain around Junagadh. It is particularly sacred to the Jains and was an important pilgrimage centre since the third century BC as indicated by the inscriptions on a boulder with the edicts of the emperor Ashoka and the proclamations of a Kshatrapa and a Gupta ruler. Along the principal path that leads to the central peak there are gateways, shrines and tanks and the principal group consist of sixteen Jain sanctuaries dedicated to Neminatha. These temples date from the Solanki period and later. At the summit, on Goraknatha peak, there is a temple dedicated to the goddess Ambika.