[Detail of sculpture on a temple on the Girnar Hills, Junagadh.]
Photographer: Nelson, F.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a sculptured temple on the Girnar mountain near Junagadh in Gujarat, taken by F. Nelson in the 1890s from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Photographs of Junagadh'. The Girnar mountain in Gujarat rises more than 900 metres above the plain and is particularly sacred to the Jains. It was an important pilgrimage centre since the third century BC as indicated by the inscriptions on a boulder with the edicts of the emperor Ashoka and the proclamations of a Kshatrapa and a Gupta ruler. Along the principal path that leads to the central peak there are gateways, shrines and tanks and the principal group consist of sixteen Jain sanctuaries dedicated to Neminatha. These temples date from the Solanki period and later.