[View of Ambaji temple on the] 2nd Peak, Girnar [Junagadh]
Photographer: Nelson, F.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Ambhaji Temple at Girnar in Gujarat, taken by F. Nelson in the 1890's, part of the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Photographs of Junagadh'. The holy Mount Girnar rises more than 900 metres on the outskirts of Junagadh. It was an important pilgrimage centre since the third century BC. The mountain is particularly sacred to the Jains but there are also several Hindu temples and a Muslim shrine. At a height of about 650 metres there is a group of sixteen Jain sanctuaries dedicated to Neminatha which constitute a temple city. The temples were built in the 12th-13th centuries during the Solanki period and in later centuries. These temples date from the Solanki period and later. In the 'Report on the Antiquities of Kathiawad and Kachh of 1874-75', Burgess wrote, "...about 200 feet above the Jaina temples, is a Hindu shrine, called Gaumukha, beside a plentiful spring of water. From it the ascent is by a long steep stair to the crest of the mount, 400 feet higher...There we find a pretty large temple, of great age, which once had a large open portico...but the outer line of columns has been bricked up and a sikhar or spire added or renewed, containing an unsightly stone, the image of Amba Mata-a goddess of ancient times, one of the many forms of Uma or Parvati...And though here she is exclusively appropriated by the Hindus, she has a shrine at the door of Neminatha's temple."