[Panoramic view of Jodhpur.]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1896 as part of the Elgin Collection: 'Autumn Tour 1896'. Victor Alexander Bruce, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, served as Viceroy of India between 1894 and 1899. The city of Jodhpur has been the capital of Marwar (Land of death) in western India since the 15th century. It was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha (r.1458-89) of the Rathor Rajputs, replacing the previous Marwar capital of Mandor. The city lies on the Delhi-Gujarat trading route on the edge of the Thar Desert. It sprawls across a plain surrounding an isolated rock crowned by the Meherangarh Fort which dominates the city. This is a general view looking down on the city from a high vantage point, probably the fort.