[Fortified village and stockade.]
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a fortified village and stockade in Burma (Myanmar), taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the 1890s. This is a view looking along a palisade towards a group of Indian soldiers gathered at the entrance to an unidentified village. The palisade
has an additional defensive perimeter of sharp wooden bamboo stakes facing outwards. The photograph was presumably taken during one of the military campaigns in Upper Burma conducted by the British against Burmese guerrilla fighters between 1886 and 1895. These followed the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 1885 which culminated in the annexation of Upper Burma to British India in 1886 (the British already controlled Lower Burma). The photograph is from an album devoted almost entirely to Lord Elgin's Burma tour of November to December 1898. Victor Alexander Bruce (1849-1917), ninth Earl of Elgin and 13th Earl of Kincardine, served as Viceroy of India between 1894 and 1899.