[Panorama of] Jodhpore City
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1900s. The photograph is from an album containing views of various locations in India, formerly in the collection of Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, (1850-1916), who was Commander in Chief of India between 1902 and 1909.
The city of Jodhpur has been the capital of Marwar - the "region of death" - in western India since the 15th century. It was founded on the edge of the arid Thar Desert by Rao Jodha of the Rathore Rajputs in 1459, replacing the previous Marwar capital of Mandor. Located on the overland trade route, it soon became a flourishing trade centre. It sprawls on a plain surrounding an isolated rock on which stands the formidable Meherangarh Fort, considered the finest in Rajasthan. This is a general view of the city from the fort in the form of a four-part panorama. The panorama was used in India during the second half of the 19th century to document large-scale topographical scenes such as this perspective. Although special panoramic cameras were developed with a wide field of vision, most panoramas were made from prints joined together manually as is the case with this image.