[View of Amber palace]. The old capital of Jaipur
Photographer: Gobindram and Oodeyram
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the fort and palace at Amber in Rajasthan, taken by Gobindram and Oodeyram in the 1900s. The photograph is part of an album containing views of various locations in India, formerly in the collection of Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, (1850-1916), who was Commander in Chief of India between 1902 and 1909.
Amber was the ancient capital of the Kachwaha Rajputs from c.1150 until the foundation of the city of Jaipur nearby in 1727. The town stands at the mouth of a rocky mountain gorge amid hills. In c.1600 Man Sing I (r.1592-1615) renovated an existing fort which stood on the summit of a rocky hill overlooking a strategic pass, creating the mighty Jaigarh Fort, and began construction of the Raj Mahal or Old Palace on the hillside below overlooking Maota Lake.