[Distant view of the] Memorial Well, Cawnpore.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph with a vista of palm trees and the Memorial Well in the background, at Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views in India. Kanpur, on the Ganges, was an important river-port and grain trading centre in the 19th century, which achieved notoriety in the history of the British empire as 'Cawnpore', the scene of one of the bloodiest incidents of the Indian Uprising of 1857, when many British prisoners, including women and children, were killed and thrown into a well here by the rebels. The town had been under siege by the forces of Nana Sahib. After the relief of Kanpur under General Havelock, there were bloody reprisals in turn from the British forces. A memorial garden was erected at the site, with an octagonal stone screen around the well designed by Sir Henry Yule and a marble angel by Carlo Marochetti. The angel is now in the All Saints memorial church (built 1862-75). Kanpur is now a major industrial city.