[Road scene in] Simla.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph with a view of Simla (Shimla), Himachal Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views.
Simla, now the capital of Himachal Pradesh, was the largest of the Indian hill-stations under the British and derives its name from the mountain goddess Shyamla Devi. Discovered by the British in 1819 after it had been recovered from the Gurkhas of Nepal, its temperate climate and spectacular scenery made it popular with European residents of India by the 1820s. Sanatoria were built here and Simla came to be known as the 'English Convalescent Station'. It then developed into the summer capital of the British administration. It is built across hilltops and ridges at a height of 2215 ms or 7267 ft in the Himalayan foothills, and numerous tree-shaded pathways meander down towards the Mall which is its main thoroughfare.