Panoramic view of Junagadh from the Mota-Jalao (lake)
Photographer: Nelson, F.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Junagadh in Gujarat seen from the Mota Jalao lake, taken by the travelling commercial photographer F. Nelson in the 1890s from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Photographs of Junagadh'. The lake lies to the east of Junagadh and this panoramic view shows the town in the foreground with Mount Girnar in the distance. The mount three kilometres east of Junagadh is the highest point on the Saurashtra peninsula and an important Jain pilgrimage site. At its foot are the Ashokan rock edicts of 250 BC. The origins of Junagadh lie in the ancient Uparkot or Upper Fort, a citadel north-east of the town founded by the Maurya empire in the fourth century BC. Within the Uparkot are rock-cut Buddhist and Jain caves dating from the 2nd century AD, step wells dating from the 11th and 15th centuries, and a 15th-century mosque. More recent monuments include the fantastical mausoleums of the state’s Muslim rulers, the Babi Dynasty, and public buildings dating from the 18th to the early 20th centuries built in a mixture of European Gothic and Indo-Islamic styles.