Photograph of pagodas in the hills at Sagaing, Burma (Myanmar), taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s. Sagaing is situated in a picturesque location on the west bank of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River, opposite Amarapura and Ava (Inwa) in central Burma. A long range of hills runs parallel to the river behind the town, and is the site of many pagodas and monasteries such as the stupas in this distant view. Today Sagaing is widely regarded as the religious centre of Burma and in its hills and valleys there are around six hundred Buddhist monasteries as well as numerous temples, stupas and cave shrines. The ruby mines mentioned in the title of this photograph cannot be seen, but they were found to the north in the Sagyin Hills near Mandalay and the Mogok area north-east of Mandalay, known as the Ruby Mines District. Next to petroleum, rubies formed the most valuable mineral product in Burma.