Periyar Lake [View of flooded forestation in...].
Medium: Photographic print
View of the flooded forest in Periyar Lake taken by an unknown photographer in the 1900s. The photograph is part of an album containing views of various locations in India, formerly in the collection of Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, (1850-1916), who was Commander in Chief of India between 1902 and 1909.
Periyar Lake is situated in the Cardamon Hills of the Western Ghats in south west India. The artificial lake was planned by a British engineer, Colonel Pennycuick and created in 1895 by constructing a dam across the Periyar River. The water was used to irrigate the drier parts of neighbouring Tamil Nadu around Madurai. After the dam was created the surrounding forests were granted protection by the Maharaja of Travancore. In 1934 the area was declared a wildlife sanctuary at the instigation of the Maharaja.