Photograph of Padmapani sculpture in Cave 4, Ajanta. The thirty magnificent cave temples of Ajanta are situated in a horse-shoe valley of the Waghora river in West India and consist of prayer halls (chaityas) and monasteries (viharas), built for the Buddhist community who lived there. The first group was excavated between the 2nd - 1st century BC. After a period of more than six centuries, the excavations restarted around the 5th century AD in the Vakataka period.Cave 4 at Ajanta is a large unfinished monastery and consits of a verandah with octagonal columns with a cell at both ends. The columned hall is entered through three doorways. The central doorway is decorated with guardians, flying figures, maidens and figures of Buddhas and ganas. At the end of the hall there is a central teaching Buddha with attendants in the centre. This view shows a niche with a sculpture of Padmapani, the Boddhisttva holding a lotus.