Portico and part of interior of Kumapala's Temple, Girnar Hill, near Junagadh
Photographer: Sykes, D.H.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the portico and part of the interior of Kumarpala's Temple on Mount Girnar, near Junagadh, from the Archaeological Survey of India, taken by D.H. Sykes in c.1869. Mount Girnar rises more than 900 m above the plain on the outskirts of Junagadh. The mountain is particularly sacred to the Jains but there are also Buddhist caves and several Hindu shrines. Inscriptions on a boulder with the edicts of the emperor Ashoka indicate that the site was an important pilgrimage centre since the third century BC. Along the principal path that leads to the central peak of Mount Girnar, there are gateways, shrines and tanks. At a height of about 650 m there is a group of sixteen Jain sanctuaries dedicated to Neminatha. The temples were built in the 12th-13th centuries during the Solanki period and in later centuries. The temple in this view was restored in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.