Peaks of Dattatoeya and Neminatha from Amba Mata Temple, Girnar Hill, near Junagadh
Photographer: Sykes, D.H.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Dattatri and Neminatha peaks from the Temple of Ambaji at Junagadh in Gujarat, from the Archaeological Survey of India, taken by D.H. Sykes in c.1869. These peaks are situated to the east of Mount Girnar which rises more than 900 m above the plain around Junagadh. Mount Girnar is particularly sacred to the Jains but there are also Buddhist caves and several Hindu shrines. It was an important pilgrimage centre since the 3rd century BC as indicated by the inscriptions on a boulder with the edicts of the emperor Ashoka. Along the principal path that leads to the central peak there are gateways, shrines and tanks. At a height of about 650 m there is a group of sixteen Jain sanctuaries dedicated to Neminatha. At the summit, on Goraknatha peak, there is a temple dedicated to the goddess Ambika. These temples date from the Solanki period and later.