Pupils of the Arabic and Persian Indigenous School at the Jami Masjid, Lahore
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the pupils of the Arabic and Persian Indigenous School at the Jami Masjid at Lahore in Pakistan from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: India Office Series (Volume 46), taken by an unknown photographer in c.1870. This is a school teaching only Islamic students. The Imperial Gazetter of India states, "In former times the higher education of Muhammadans was in the hands of men of learning who devoted themselves to the instruction of youth. Schools were attached to mosques and shrines, and supported by state grants in cash or land, or by private liberality...The course of study in a Muhammadan place of learning included grammar, rhetoric, logic, theology, metaphysics, literature, jurisprudence, and science. The classes of the learned instructors have been replaced by madrasas or colleges of a more modern type founded by the liberality of pious persons."