Quetta, 1880. 752121
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Quetta, from the Macnabb Collection (Col James Henry Erskine Reid): Album of Miscellaneous views, taken in the 1880s. Quetta is situated beneath the slopes of Murdar in Baluchistan at the northern end of the Quetta-Pishin valley at an elevation of 5,500 feet above sea level. The military station was designed by Sir Hugh Barnes and laid out on systematic lines of which broad roads were a predominant feature. Sir Thomas Holdich writing in 1884 in the Baluchistan District Gazetteer stated that, 'The crown of Quetta was the miri. The miri has been the fortress of Quetta from time immemorial and the basis of the fortress is what was probably a mud volcano in days that are prehistoric'. This view looking to the fort with hills in the background was taken during the Second Afghan War (1878-80). Three wars waged between Britain and Afghanistan to counter the threat to British India from expanding Russian influence in Afghanistan.