Rani of Nepal.
Photographer: Bourne and Shepherd
Medium: Photographic print
Head-and-shoulders vignetted carte-de-visite portrait of Sir Rana Jang Bahdur's Senior Rani, Hiranyagarbha Kumari, , from the 'Album of cartes de visite portraits of Indian rulers and notables', by Bourne and Shepherd, early 1870s. Born into an aristocratic family, Jang Bahadur joined the Nepalese military service at the age of 16 in 1832-33. He pursued his political ambitions by eliminating his major rivals, installing his own candidate on the throne, and making his post of Prime Minster hereditary within his family. Bahadur exercised almost unlimited power over internal affairs. He is credited with revising and codifying the Nepalese legal system into a single body of laws, the Muluki Ain of 1854. In 1874 he was given the title Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.