Rival pot-sellers in the chatty market. Lahore, India - bargains for thrifty housewives
Photographer: Ricalton, James
Medium: Photographic print
Stereoscopic photograph of traders posed beside piles of pots in the chatty market at Lahore in the Punjab, Pakistan, taken by James Ricalton in c. 1903, from The Underwood Travel Library: Stereoscopic Views of India. This image is described by Ricalton in 'India Through the Stereoscope' (1907), "Here we are among the offered wares. A chatty is a vessel common to the entire Oriental world...It is essentially and originally a vessel for holding and carrying water; but it is used to hold and to carry everything. It is made of all materials, but generally of clay or brass. It combines the use of the pail, the bucket, the basket, the bag, the jug, the kettle, the oven, the wash-bowl and the bath-tub." This is one of a series of 100 photographs, designed to be viewed through a special binocular viewer, producing a 3D effect. The series was sold together with a book of descriptions and a map with precise locations to enable the 'traveller' to imagine that he was touring around India. Stereoscopic cameras, those with two lenses and the ability to take two photographs at the same time, were introduced in the mid 19th century and revolutionised photography. They cut down exposure time and thus allowed for some movement in the image without blurring as subjects were not required to sit for long periods to produce sharp results.