Reservoir & temples, Girnar [Junagadh]
Photographer: Nelson, F.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a Gaumukha Shrine at Mount Girnar near Junagadh in Gujarat, taken by the travelling commercial photographer F. Nelson in the 1890s from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Photographs of Junagadh'. This view shows the Gaumukha Shrine beside a spring. The temple takes its name from a natural spring flowing through a sculpted cow's head. The temple is one of a number at Mount Girnar, an important pilgrimage site since the 3rd century BC which has the Ashokan rock edicts at its foot. The mount lies three kilometres (two miles) east of Junagadh and is the highest point on the Saurashtra peninsula. Along the principal path leading to the central peak there are gateways, shrines, temples and tanks. The mountain is particularly sacred to the Jains and there is a group of sixteen Jain sanctuaries dedicated to Neminatha, built in the 12th and 13th centuries during the Solanki period and in later centuries. There are also several Hindu temples and a Muslim shrine.