Ruins of Martand, view from the south-east
Photographer: Bourne, Samuel
Medium: Photographic print
General view of the ruins of the Surya Temple at Martand, Jammu and Kashmir, taken by Samuel Bourne in 1864. The temple, dedicated to the sun deity, is considered a masterpiece of early-Kashmir temple style and was built by Lalitaditya (c.724-60), the most powerful monarch of the Karkota dynasty. The temple consists of a principal sanctuary, with a broad flight of steps leading to the main entrance on its western side, together with two minor shrines. Standing at one end of a large rectangular court entered by a central gate in its western side, the temple is situated on a high plateau and commands superb views over Kashmir's central valley. Bourne was well known for his picturesque views of India and between the years 1863 and 1866 he made three extensive photographic expeditions to Kashmir and the Himalayas.