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Ruins of West Gate before restoration, Sanchi 10031356

Ruins of West Gate before restoration, Sanchi 10031356

Photographer: Dayal, Deen

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1882

Shelfmark: Photo 1003/(1356)

Item number: 10031356

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the west gate at Sanchi, before restoration, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections by Deen Dayal in 1882. The Great Stupa of Sanchi is the most important surving monument of the Shunga (c.185-75 BC) era. The large hemispherical dome was built over an already existing stupa ascribed to the 3rd Century BC at the time of the Buddhist emperor Ashoka Maurya. Four elaborately carved gateways were added to the stupa during the 1st Century BC. The Western Gateway, which was re-erected in 1883, consists of 2 square posts crowned with a group of 4 pot-bellied dwarfs which support a triple architrave with scrolled ends. The sculptures which cover the torana illustrate episodes from the life of Buddha.

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