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Rear view of the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya

Rear view of the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya

Photographer: Cousens, Henry

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1885

Shelfmark: Photo 1003/(2056)

Item number: 10032056

Length: 37

Width: 28.4

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the rear view of the Chaumukh Temple at Satrunjaya, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s-90s. Satrunjaya or 'the place of victory' is the most sacred pilgrimage place of the Jains. On the two summits of the hill, which rise 600 m above the plain around the town of Palitana, there are many hundreds of multi-spired temples where every day pilgrims come to pay reverence to the different Jain saints. The sanctuaries, which were built over a period of 900 years, are grouped in fortified enclosures or tuks, named after their founders. The Chaumukh, located on the northern edge of the hill, is one of the most important temples of Satrunjaya. It was rebuilt in 1618. The square sanctuary enshrines a four faced image of Adinath of white marble in a shrine open on four sides.

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