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Rock-cut images of Jain Tirthankaras in the Navamuni Gumpha, Khandgiri Hill 1003425c

Rock-cut images of Jain Tirthankaras in the Navamuni Gumpha, Khandgiri Hill 1003425c

Photographer: Caddy, Alexander E.

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1895

Shelfmark: Photo 1003/(425c)

Item number: 1003425c

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of rock-cut images of Jain Tirthankaras in the Navamuni Gumpha, Khandgiri Hill, taken by Alexander E. Caddy in 1895, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections. In the twin hills of Khandgiri, (or Khandagiri) and Udayagiri, near Bhubaneshwar in Orissa, there is a series of Jain cave temples called 'gumpha' locally, cut out of sandstone. Most of these caves were excavated in the period of the Chedi kings in the 1st century BC. The Navamuni Gumhpa, or 'Cave of the Nine Saints', has figures of Jain Tirthankaras seated in niches carved in relief on the walls, with female figures of Sasana-devis seated below them.

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