Residency, Aitken's Post, [Lucknow].
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of part of the Residency complex at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views. Lucknow on the Gomti river first attained prominence in the 15th century under the Sharqi sultans of Jaunpur. Later it was ruled by Mughal governors. By the 17th century it was a prosperous commercial centre, and continued to flourish from 1775-1856 as the capital of the independent Nawabs of Avadh (originally governors under the Mughals). The nawabs were great builders and patrons of the arts and attracted a variety of talent to their service which helped develop the city's culture. Lucknow came under the ambit of growing British influence in the late 18th century and a Residency was constructed in c.1800. Buildings developed around the Residency as an European quarter. The Residency complex was damaged during its long siege in the Indian Uprising of 1857. It now stands in testimony to the tenacity of the British as a national monument. Among the many soldiers who fought at Lucknow, Lieutenant Robert Hope Moncrieff Aitken played a courageous role in the defence of the Residency and was awarded the Victoria Cross.