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Ruins of Vijianuggur [Vijayanagara] near Humpee [Hampi]. General view of conical temples on [Hemakuta] hill

Ruins of Vijianuggur [Vijayanagara] near Humpee [Hampi]. General view of conical temples on [Hemakuta] hill

Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1868

Shelfmark: Photo 212/7(15)

Item number: 212715

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the ruins at Vijayanagara from the 'Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern Indian' collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Vijayanagara, the City of Victory, was the most powerful Hindu kingdom in Southern India from 1336 until the defeat by the Muslim armies in 1565. It was built on the bank of the Tungabhadra River and is surrounded by granite hills. The ruins of this vast royal city incorporate distinct zones and are divided into two main groups, the sacred centre and the royal centre. Lyon wrote, 'The rock shelves down at a sharp incline, and at the top is the group of curious temples here shown. They are understood...to belong to the Jaina religion, and are in a modified form of the Chalukya style of architecture, found frequently further north, and introduced probably in the course of the sixteenth century.'

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