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Ruins of Vijianuggur [Vijayanagara] near Humpee [Hampi]. Detail of conical temples [on Hemakuta Hill]

Ruins of Vijianuggur [Vijayanagara] near Humpee [Hampi]. Detail of conical temples [on Hemakuta Hill]

Photographer: Lyon, Edmund David

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1868

Shelfmark: Photo 212/7(16)

Item number: 212716

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the ruins at Vijayanagara from the 'Photographs to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern Indian' collection, taken by Edmund David Lyon in c. 1868. Vijayanagara, the City of Victory, was the most powerful Hindu kingdom in Southern India from 1336 until the defeat by the Muslim armies in 1565. It was built on the bank of the Tungabhadra River and is surrounded by granite hills. The ruins of this vast royal city incorporate distinct zones and are divided into two main groups, the sacred centre and the royal centre. This is a close-up view of one of the triple-shrined temples on Hemakuta Hill, near Vijayanagara. At the top of the steep incline is a group of temples believed to be Jain in a modified form of the Chalukya style of architecture that are dated to the sixteenth century.

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