Rock-cut image of Venugopalasvami near the Rajagiri, Gingi [Gingee], South Arcot District
Photographer: Archaeological Survey of India
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of carved sculptures near Rajagiri hill at Gingee in Tamil Nadu from the 'Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Madras, 1894-95'. Gingee is situated south-west of Madras and was established during the Chola dynasty. The fort at Gingee has been occupied by the Vijayanagara kings, the Nayakas, the Adil Shahi dynasty, the Marathas, the French and the British. It consists of three fortified hills; Krishnagiri, Chandragiri and Rajagiri. The citadel stands on the summit of the central Rajagiri Hill and it is protected by seven gateways. As Venugopalasvami, Krishna represents the flute playing cowherd who attracts the gopis with the sound of his divine music. Depictions of Krishna with his favoured gopi, Radha, are often used to symbolise the union of the human soul with the divine. Krishna is the eighth incarnation of Vishnu. In this relief, Krishna can be seen in the centre.