Right end of façade of Buddhist vihara, Cave I, Ajanta
Photographer: Gill, Robert
Medium: Photographic print
Stereoscopic photograph of the right end of the façade of the Buddhist vihara, Cave 1 at Ajanta, taken by Robert Gill in 1868. The Buddhist cave temples of Ajanta were excavated into a horse-shoe shaped cliff overlooking the Waghora River in the 2nd – 1st century BC and later in the 5th century AD, a period of time which coincides with the Hinayana and Mahayana phases of Buddhist art. Cave 1 is a very fine monastery from the late 5th century. The verandah has cells and porches at the ends and three doorways leading into the hall. The columns have fluted shafts and support a square abacus richly carved. Above the verandah are figurative friezes and the doorways are decorated with amorous couples, maidens and naga deities. The ceiling is covered with small panels with various motifs. The interior has a rich sculptural decoration and has preserved some of the finest paintings at Ajanta representing scenes from the life of the Buddha as narrated in the Jatakas.