Photograph of the Nagar Raja's baths in Rajnagar, West Bengal from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: India Office Series, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1870s. View looking towards the domed building containing the hamman, or Persian style sunken bath of the Raja photographed in the early 1870s by an unknown photographer. In the early part of the 13th century Rajnagar or Nagar in Birbhm was capital of a Hindu state. In the course of the century it was captured by the Pathans and formed part of the Pathan kingdom of Bengal. At the beginning of the 18th century it was a kind of military fief held under the nawabs of Murshidahad by one Asadullah Pathan, whose family had probably been its chieftains since the fall of the Pathan dynasty of Bengal in 1600. The town of Rajnagar has long since been deserted and is covered with crumbling houses, mosques and weed-choked tanks; the ancestral palace of its Rajas has fallen into ruins. The town was surrounded by a wall or entrenchment, which extended for 32 miles but this is now decaying; many of the defensive gateways and parts of the wall have been washed away by the annual rains.