Scenery near Point de Galle. 2495
Photographer: Fiebig, Frederick
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph by Frederick Fiebig from an album of 70 handcoloured salt prints, of the scenery near Point de Galle in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Fiebig, of German origin, was active in Calcutta as an artist and lithographer in the 1840s. Little is known about his life, but turning to photography in the late 1840s he produced hundreds of photographs by the calotype process, frequently handcolouring them. His photographs of Ceylon, probably taken in 1852, are considered the earliest surviving photographic record of the island. Galle, on the south-western coast of the island, has a natural harbour and is one of the most ancient settlements and ports of Sri Lanka, identified with harbours mentioned in Biblical times and beyond. Until the construction of the breakwaters in the development of Colombo's harbour in the 1870s, Galle was the main port of the island. It is protected by a promontory called the Rock or Galle Point.