Scenery near Kandy. 24949
Photographer: Fiebig, Frederick
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph by Frederick Fiebig from an album of 70 handcoloured salt prints, showing the scenery at Kandy in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Kandy, the cultural capital of the country, is located 72 miles inland from the present capital Colombo, in the central hill region. It is at an altitude of 500 ms or 1629 ft and the hills and the valleys of the great Mahaweli river render it picturesque. The terrain and the river acted as natural barriers and Kandy remained the last stronghold of the Sinhalese kings, evading European control for 300 years even as the coastal regions succumbed. It was the Sinhalese capital from the 15th century till the advent of British rule in 1815. Of the photographer, Frederick Fiebig, we know little apart from the fact that of German origin, he was an artist and lithographer in Calcutta, publishing a number of prints in the 1840s. He turned to photography in the late 1840s, using the calotype process and producing prints that were frequently hand-coloured. His photographs include hundreds of views of Calcutta, and views of Madras, Sri Lanka, Mauritius and Cape Town. The East India Company purchased a set of his hand-coloured views in 1856.