Sculpture fragment showing birth of Buddha, from Jamal-Garhi.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, of a fragment of Buddhist sculpture from Jamal-Garhi. The sculpture depicts the birth of Buddha with Queen Mahamaya, the Buddha's mother, at the centre of the group holding the infant. Buddha was born in a grove of Sal trees called Lumbini garden. Jamal-Garhi was a Buddhist monastery located in the Peshawar district of northern Pakistan. From the first until the fifth century AD, Buddhism flourished in the Peshawar district which was known as Gandhara at that time. The city of Peshawar was the winter capital of a large empire and the monasteries in the area around the city attracted Buddhists from all over South Asia. Peshawar district was also home to a large number of skilled craftsmen who produced high quality sculptures in what can be broadly termed a Gandharan style. This style developed in the region of Peshawar from the first century onwards and bears affinities with Graeco-Roman sculpture. In this photograph the draped clothing and the naturalistic modelling of the figure's bodies betray this influence