Sculptured 'chapel' from Jamal-Garhi.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a sculpted chapel from Jamal-Garhi taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s. According to Bloch, "Sculptures of this class used to be called 'caitya-windows'. Their structural position was round the dome of a stupa, which used to have either one or four of such chapels." The niches in the chapel depict Buddha and his followers. Jamal-Garhi was a Buddhist monastery located in the Peshawar district of northern Pakistan. From the first until the fifth century AD, Buddhism flourished in the Peshawar district which was known as Gandhara at that time. The city of Peshawar was the winter capital of a large empire and the monasteries in the area around the city attracted Buddhists from all over South Asia. The district was also home to a large number of skilled craftsmen who produced high quality sculptures in what can be broadly termed a Gandharan style. This style developed in the region of Peshawar from the first century onwards and bears affinities with Graeco-Roman sculpture. In this photograph the draped clothes and naturalistic modelling of the figure's bodies betray this influence.